Cities and towns often designate specific areas and parcels of land for industry. Businesses build factories, warehouses, light-manufacturing plants, research-and- development labs and offices on industrial land.
Although city and town leaders value the jobs and tax revenue industry brings to a community, they also recognize industry generates traffic, odors, noise, dust and other types of pollution. To avoid conflicts between businesses and residents, communities try to contain industrial land within industrial zones that are distinct and set apart from neighborhoods or residential zones.
Many communities try to limit industrial land use to industrial parks that are often located on the outskirts of a city or town. Despite the remote locations, industrial parks often offer benefits such as access to major roadways and cost-saving infrastructure such as dedicated water supplies, waste systems and electric power systems.
Maintaining Industrial Land
Communities often must fight to keep industrial land that is located closer to an urban or town center. Commercial and residential developers often try to convert industrial land and properties into high-priced shops and condominiums. This land-use trend drains areas of traditional businesses and job opportunities.