A project portfolio is a collection that demonstrates a body of work. The term carries different meanings for different individuals over a number of industries from visual arts to engineering. Today's highly digitized world allows for project portfolios to exist in a number of media formats.
Individuals and companies working in art and related industries most often use project portfolios as a demonstrating of their skill to prospective clients, though individuals within the company maintain separate portfolios. Students of related fields maintain portfolios demonstrating the projects they have completed and most often are called student portfolios.
Photography, advertising, Web design, digital art and traditional art mediums are represented, usually in the form of high quality printed examples. Those working in video and other media maintain portfolios on disks. Many professionals maintain an online project portfolio of highlights of their work, but may not always include the entire body of their accomplishments.
In project management, the project portfolio is a means to organize an ongoing project. The portfolio contains lists of key individuals, important contacts, budgets, schedules and deadlines. Often, the portfolio is maintained through a shared interface so members of the team can access pertinent information.
Large businesses also maintain a portfolio that outlines current projects. Details include clients, budgets and other information. Project portfolio management (PPM) is a method of analyzing projects to optimize them to better suit the company's long-term goals.