Salons are designed to be aesthetically appealing, inviting and relaxing, but they also need to be functional. Combining style with ease of use is not always an easy task. Many salon features and furnishings are also fixed or attached in place once installed. This makes subsequent rearrangements nearly impossible. In order to get the layout right the first time, the use of a floor plan is recommended. Additionally, many states require the submission of a floor plan before licensing can be approved.
Items you will need
- Tape measure
- Graph paper
- Architect’s ruler
Research the salon codes for the state where the salon will be located. Salons are licensed and regulated at the state level, with each state having its own unique set of laws for the establishment and management of salons. Many states have floor plan requirements that must be followed. Floor plan requirements are posted on the state’s board of cosmetology website.
Measure all walls of the salon starting with the outside walls, working your way to the inside walls and supporting structures. Record all measurements clearly and legibly on a separate sheet of paper. Measure and include all existing structures including windows, doorways, sinks and cabinets.
Draw the basic outline of the salon floor plan on a sheet of graph paper using the recorded measurements. A scale of one square of graph paper for every foot measured usually works best. Draw all of the immovable structures as well. You should also include any structures or furnishings that must stay where they are currently located regardless of the floor plan design.
Create scaled cutouts of all the furnishings and equipment that will be used in the salon. Again, one square for every foot works best. The cutouts should show the relative shape and size of the objects they are intended to represent.
Arrange the cutouts on the drawing of the floor plan. Make adjustments as necessary. When the cutouts have been satisfactorily arranged, you can permanently affix them to the drawing using glue or tape.
Create copies of the floor plan, including all scaled cutouts, using a copy machine.
Outline scaled cutouts so they stand out on your floor plan.
Add color to your floor plan and cutouts so that you can design while creating the basic plan.