Recruitment and selection is a proactive human resources approach to identifying and screening candidates for jobs. Primary benefits of effective recruitment and selection processes include a strong pool of applicants, accurate qualification screenings, proactive strategic alignment with company goals, reduced turnover and high morale.
A planned recruitment effort includes identifying the best methods to connect with qualified applicants. Newspapers, company websites, job boards, broadcast media and career fairs are among the common recruitment methods. By putting your time and resources into the most efficient methods, you generate a larger and more qualified pool of applicants.
The selection process focuses on applicants, interviews, tests and other mechanisms used to evaluate the qualifications and traits of candidates. While job interviews are a common and important means of evaluating applicants, the University of Oregon also suggests that work samples are valuable in many employee screening processes. For a graphic design job, candidates typically present portfolios of projects completed in school, internships or previous work experiences. These samples provide evidence of task completion and performance, which contributes to precision in hiring the best person for a role.
Strategic human resources is a proactive approach to talent management when compared to traditional reactive or transactional HR systems, according to Forbes. Thorough recruitment and selection processes align with strategic HR. Companies map out the types of workers and skills needed to fill vacancies. Open positions are established based on company goals and hiring plans to achieve them going forward. Planning out HR needs in advance enables more focused job screenings. Companies can establish training and development programs when they recognize the need to grow people into more elaborate roles after initial hiring decisions.
When an organization hires people with the right personality types and job skills, the end result often is more happy workers. A culture that fits well with employee preferences and makes them happy, also leads to higher levels of retention, according to Forbes. Lower turnover rates and more positive workplace morale ultimately contribute to greater efficiency and higher profits as well.