Human resource planning uses methods within recruiting, development and employee retention to achieve organizational goals. Workforce analysis allows human resources to compare the current workforce to future employment needs. Determining future requirements allows for methods of attracting, training and retaining of quality employees to fulfill key roles within the organization.
Human resources must consider what kind of future workforce is needed to satisfy the organization's strategic objectives. By analyzing the current workforce and comparing to future employment requirements, it can discover what gaps or surpluses exist. This information allows human resources to prepare plans that adjust the workforce as needed. An organization that plans to increase sales by 50 percent in the next three years may require the workforce to grow by 5 percent. After considering what employment changes are needed, human resources should prepare evaluation plans to ensure the future workforce meets objectives.
To achieve strategic objectives, human resources must plan for attracting and recruiting employees in quality and quantity. Seminars and job fairs offer employers an opportunity to introduce themselves, advertise and promote the company. Participating in fund-raising events and other social functions is another method for attracting and recruiting job candidates.
To improve its current and future workforce, human resource planning must focus on employee development or training. Training and development programs can improve general employee skills such as customer service and sales training or focus on specific work-related skills. Training and retraining programs can also reduce current and future liability with employee safety emphasis.
Retaining employees is difficult because of the other employment opportunities that may attract them. But human resources can reduce the the likelihood of employee departures by planning retention programs. These programs can focus on employee recognition and benefits. They can also include rewards, advancement or growth and work-life balancing. By showing a sincere interest in employees and valuing their contributions, the organization is able to further increase employee retention. In the unfortunate event an employee decides to leave, exit interviews provide valuable feedback that can assist the organization with employee loss prevention.