The logging industry involves cutting trees for forest management and timber. A logging company typically provides industry with timber or provides general forestry or silviculture management services through use of machines and lumberjacks to private landowners or through government bids for logging services on public lands. Silviculture involves managing the growth and health of forests. A logging-business operator must have forestry management education and experience, as well as an understanding of logging logistics and products.

Things You Will Need
  • Business license/permit

  • Business plan

  • Logging education

  • Logging equipment

  • Business facilities

Step 1.

Learn about the logging industry. Obtain formal and information education on the latest forest-management techniques and equipment involving cutting, harvesting and transporting trees. Most commercial logging involves computerized log cutting with heavy machinery. Understand forest-products-industry logistics within lumberyards or at sawmills. Consider college baccalaureate programs in forestry and environmental-resources departments, such as the one available at North Carolina State University.

Step 2.

Conduct market research. This research will include long-term predictions made within the logging industry and economy by key industry thinkers. For instance, in 2009 New York Times writer William Yardley discussed the impact of the housing-market crisis on lumber mill towns. Alternative energy uses for wood by-products like brush and bark, as well as use of a tree's natural properties for environmental uses, may be trends in the logging industry.

Step 3.


log deck image by Scott Dorrett from

Learn about safety regulations and industry standards. A logging business may be regulated by both a state and the federal government. Contact a lawyer to ensure government compliance and to ascertain that all government permits and licenses are secured.

Step 4.

Write a business plan. A start-up business plan details the business purpose and target market. A good business plan includes the technical and financial start-up needs for the new business enterprise. The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) provides information on business-plan drafting.

Step 5.


logging equipment 3 image by Jim Parkin from

Set up the business. Obtain required business licenses and permits. Purchase logging equipment, supplies and a business facility. The type of equipment and supplies needed will be determined by the specific type of logging business developed. Business facilities will house administrative offices as well as store logging tools and equipment. These facilities typically include secure storage facilities or gated business grounds.

Step 6.

Secure logging contracts. Clients may be private parties and government agencies requiring logging and forestry management services. Join industry organization American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) to network within the industry and learn about procuring government contracts. This membership will help you to stay abreast of trends, news and information in the logging industry.


This article is for informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional advice related to legal or tax matters.