Occupational Workplace Health & Safety Hazards

by Kyra Sheahan; Updated September 26, 2017

Health and safety hazards loom in the workplace, and if proper precautions are not taken, they can impact your employees. According to OSHA, the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, employees have the right to a safe workplace that is free from hazards.

Effects

Employers have a high price to pay when employees are exposed to workplace hazards. Health and safety hazards cause accidents, injuries and illnesses, which cost employers money from lost productivity and sick days. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2008 more than half of the 3.7 million reported occupational injuries and illnesses required days away from work.

Ergonomic Hazards

OSHA has an ergonomic program that educates employers about the significance of ergonomic safety. Many workplace environments require employees to do a lot of sitting, typing or lifting. Without the proper ergonomic safety, employees risk injuring themselves.

Slip-and-Falls

According to OSHA, slip-and-fall accidents are among the most common causes of occupational fatalities. Slip-and-falls are health and safety threats that pervade any workplace, from offices to construction sites. Spills and leaks on walking surfaces, unleveled walking surfaces or walking surfaces that have debris on them (like pebbles or small objects) create hazards to employees.

Bloodborne Pathogens

According to OSHA, bloodborne pathogens are a health and safety concern in the workplace. The spread of infectious diseases can cause severe health issues in employees who are exposed to bloodborne pathogens, such as Hepatitis C.

Electrical Hazards

Whether you work as a banker or a lumberjack, chances are you use electrical equipment in your daily work. Unfortunately, electrical devices are dangerous when damaged or misused. There are specific electrical standards that employers must adhere to in order for employees to remain safe on the job. This includes testing electrical equipment to make sure it is running properly and immediately fixing damaged cords and wires. This will help prevent electrical injuries, such as shocks and electrocutions.

About the Author

Kyra Sheahan has been a writer for various publications since 2008. Her work has been featured in "The Desert Leaf" and "Kentucky Doc Magazine," covering health and wellness, environmental conservatism and DIY crafts. Sheahan holds an M.B.A. with an emphasis in finance.