ISO 22000 and HACCP are food safety standards that any company involved in food production or handling can implement. Companies often put them in place at the same time and managers sometimes utter them in the same breath. The distinction is that HACCP is a nuts-and-bolts process for monitoring potential hazards that can be used either on its own or as a part of ISO 22000, which is a broader food safety management system based on quality principles.
HACCP Is One Part of ISO 22000
HACCP stands for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point. This process identifies hazards that could threaten food safety, such as sources of bacteria or chemical contamination. Critical control points are the points in food production or handling during which these hazards become a factor. HACCP is the part of ISO 22000 that directly addresses these hazards and sets up procedures for monitoring the critical control points for variables like correct temperatures and acceptable levels of cleanliness. HACCP also involves keeping accurate records and verifying that the procedures in place are working.
ISO 22000 Is a Complete FSMS
ISO 22000 is a food safety management system, or FSMS, in its entirety. In scope, it goes beyond the actual processing of the food to include things such as goal setting, management review and setting up effective communication channels, both within a company and with outsiders, such as suppliers and regulators. It also involves developing a food safety policy and a procedure for recalling products in case that becomes necessary.
ISO 22000 Based on ISO 9000
ISO 22000 follows the model of ISO 9000, a quality standard that may be used by companies in any industry. It incorporates ISO 9000's eight quality management principles, which include objectives such as focusing on the customer, involving employees and making decisions based on facts. ISO 22000 consists of numbered sections that correspond to similar sections of ISO 9000. HACCP is part of the seventh section of ISO 22000, called Planning and Realization of Safe Products.
ISO 22000 Is International
HACCP originated in the United States, deriving from guidelines and regulations set forth by the Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration. ISO 22000 is a worldwide standard issued by the International Organization for Standardization. ISO 22000 also includes the requirements of other important global standards, such as those of the European Union and the British Retail Consortium.