People-oriented business professionals seeking to further their careers typically consider pursuing advanced educational degrees. A Master of Science in Human Resources Management program prepares participants to use human resource management concepts to develop a workforce strategy. This enables an organization to recruit, interview, hire, train, evaluate and retain an effective workforce. A Master of Arts in Organizational Leadership degree prepares participants to provide value-based, visionary leadership to companies.


Both organizational leadership and human resource functions enable companies to gain and maintain competitive advantage. Business professionals fulfilling these roles develop the people and organizational processes necessary to align tasks to strategic goals and work productively to execute the strategy effectively. Designing governance structures, devising measurements systems to track effectiveness and diagnosing performance problems helps ensure ongoing success.


Organizational leadership professionals and human resource professionals both require critical thinking skills including analysis, planning, negotiation, conflict resolution and decision making. They need to manage diversity and change. This requires effective communication skills such as listening, writing and speaking. These business professionals must act with professional integrity and adhere to ethical standards. They use organizational leadership and human resource skills to motivate teams and inspire personnel to produce innovative products and services.

Organizational Leadership

Business professionals use organizational leadership skills to define a mission and direction. This ensures long-term success. People pursue advanced degrees in organizational leadership in corporate, nonprofit, government or community institutions. They learn to motivate, inspire and manage change effectively. Intelligent leaders recognize the need to operate in formal and informal networks. They develop their subordinate human resources and empower them to achieve a company’s strategic objectives. Using data collection, diagnosis and intervention strategies, business professionals build teams, manage employee satisfaction and handle change. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology provides access to free courses on organizational leadership, including readings, lecture notes and other course materials.

Human Resource Management

Human resource professionals ensure that companies adhere to equal opportunity employment laws. They recruit, interview, select and hire personnel to perform job functions. They design and develop training programs, career development activities, and performance management tasks. They handle benefits, compensation, labor relations and employee health and safety issues. They also ensure that employees get fair treatment. The Society for Human Resource Management provides sample forms, interview questions, metrics calculators and other tools. These resources help human resource professionals retain employee knowledge, adhere to regulations, prevent harassment and use social media technology to manage human resources.