Employee relations is an area within the human resources field. The purpose of employee relations is to strengthen the employer-employee relationship through identifying and resolving workplace issues, measuring employee satisfaction and morale, and providing support and input to the company's performance management system. Employee relations is important because human resources strategy and organizational success depend heavily on the productivity and engagement of a company's work force.

Employee Relations Specialist Duties

Fully staffed human resources departments generally have an employee relations specialist. However, an HR generalist can perform the same duties provided the generalist's level of expertise includes significant work in all human resources disciplines. A seasoned employee relations specialist has expertise in compensation and benefits, workplace safety, recruitment and selection, and training and development. Given the broad exposure to HR topics, some human resources managers start their careers in employee relations.

Workplace Issues

Workplace issues range from employee complaints about working conditions to allegations of discriminatory employment practices. The employee relations area of HR must be capable of handling all types of workplace concerns. Investigating, resolving and mediating employee complaints are functions of the employee relations discipline. In companies where employees are represented by a labor union, the employee relations or labor relations specialist is responsible for handling labor management issues, collective bargaining agreement interpretations and employee grievances.

Employee Satisfaction

Measuring employee satisfaction is another important function of employee relations. Employee satisfaction, morale and engagement are intangible references to how well employees enjoy working for the company. It's the responsibility of the employee relations area to determine if employee morale is high or low, and if it's low, why. Conducting employee opinion surveys is a common method that employers use to measure the workplace climate. Administering the survey and analyzing survey results are within the purview of employee relations. Employee relations specialists understand the types of questions necessary to elicit information about employee satisfaction. They also know how to design action plans that bring about results and changes in working conditions.

Performance Management

Employee performance has a significant impact on the employer-employee relationship. Therefore, employee relations plays an integral role in developing and implementing performance management systems. This includes constructing a performance appraisal program that meets the needs of the work force, as well as training supervisors and managers in how to provide constructive feedback to employees. The employee relations area is usually responsible for monitoring performance issues and ensuring that supervisors, managers and employees understand the purpose of performance management in the overall scheme of the organization.