Gender discrimination, unequal treatment of a person based on gender or sex, occurs in employment, housing, and education. While this unfair practice of letting a person’s sex or gender become a deciding factor in these cases, laws prohibit this discrimination. Though females may most often experience gender discrimination, men sometimes become victim of it as well.
Several laws protect against gender discrimination. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), which makes it unlawful to discriminate against a person in the workplace based on gender or sex in workplace. The Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1968 prohibits discrimination based on gender when granting credit. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 stipulates equal pay for equal work regardless of gender.
Any employer private or government employing 15 or more people falls under the coverage of title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Most states also make it illegal to discriminate against a person based on sex.
Trans-gender individuals, those whose gender identity does not match the anatomical sex, may face discrimination in the workplace because they don't conform to traditional sex or gender roles. In these cases, employers and employees become confused about whether they fall under a protected group. Depending on what state the person lives in, he may receive protection under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.