The manufacturing industry is the source of many products, where raw materials undergo the process of becoming a finished item or product that can be used for a specific purpose. In order to manufacture these goods, specialized equipment and machinery is often needed, and therefore large buildings to house everything in the process are required. These industrial buildings are the starting block for many products and commodities that we use.
A brewery is a building dedicated to making beer. Although beer can be made at home, breweries are large industrial buildings with greater resources than the average person. Their use of specialized techniques and machinery enables breweries to produce enormous amounts of beer. There are various stages to brewing beer, from the process of mixing the grains with water through fermenting, conditioning and filtering. Although much of this is performed by automated machinery, brewery workers are required to monitor computers and temperatures of water and liquids used in the process. Once the process is completed, beer is poured into containers that eventually will be delivered to bars, clubs and shops around the world.
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. The castings are made from molten metal according to a client’s specifications. This is done using a furnace to melt the metals and then pouring them into molds. Wood, wax or sand is used to make patterns in the shape of the desired part. Once the metal is solidified, it is removed from the mold and goes through a finishing process of grinding and sanding to achieve the desired look. Castings are widely used around the world in the automotive industry as well as for ships and airlines and in household goods such as refrigerators and freezers.
Also known as an offshore platform, an oil rig is a large, mechanical structure with facilities to drill wells and extract oil and natural gas from beneath the ocean floor. These products can be processed on the rig before being sent back to shore.
There are various types of offshore oil rigs, which may be fixed to the ocean floor or suspended on very strong cables, capable of resisting huge lateral forces. Other types of rigs float on the surface or are semi-submerged in the water.
Power plants or power stations are huge industrial facilities that burn fossil fuels such as coal, gas or oil and convert it into electrical energy. At the heart of every power station is a huge generator that extracts energy from the fuel. Nuclear power stations split atoms, usually of uranium, to produce energy. The heat produced from the fuel is used to turn water into steam, which in turn powers a turbine that is connected to the generator. This process goes through several stages before the electricity is generated. Transformers boost the electricity to extremely high voltage as it leaves the plant and huge pylons carry the electricity to wherever it is needed.
- Power plant image by MAXFX from Fotolia.com