Types of ISO Standards

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a non-governmental network of national agencies whose purpose is the development of international standards for business and government. International standards are designed for trade between countries. They provide a technological base and a system of best management practices. Standards ensure safe products and organizational procedures that reduce environmental impact. Standards benefit trade and business by simplifying procedures and reducing an organization’s environmental risk. Consumers benefit by the knowledge that state-of-the-art practices are developed for global relevancy.

Environmental Management

ISO 14001:2004. This ISO standard is the basis of development of an environmental management system (EMS). An EMS is a set of guidelines and procedures developed by an organization to ensure compliance. An EMS benefits an organization by increasing environmental awareness and investigating ways to reduce its costs.

ISO 14004:2004. This ISO standard provides more specific information for implementation and maintenance of an EMS, with the aim to continually improve the plan based on its performance. The standard is applicable to any industry.

ISO 5001. This yet-to-be-released standard will address energy management and ways to increase energy efficiency and reduce environmental impact of organizations. It will consider technical and topical issues, such as climate change and dependence on foreign oil.

Health and Safety

ISO 22000. This ISO standard sets global guidelines for food safety and handling. Major corporations have embraced this standard, including Arla Foods and Kraft Foods. Its aim is to focus on the entire food chain and reduce hazards and safety issues such as food-borne illnesses.

IWA 1:2005. This standard addresses issues in the healthcare sector. It provides guidelines for health care organizations to respond to natural and manmade disasters. Specifically, the standard gives recommendations for reducing error and organizational waste, while embracing a customer-centric framework.

ISO 9001:2000. This standard addresses quality management in the medical device industry. It specifically provides suggestions and guidelines for industries involved in the development, production, and installation of these devices. The standard also considers continual monitoring within the industry.


ISO/TS 16949. This standard reviews all areas of the automotive industry supply chain. It concentrates on areas of training, monitoring, analysis and improvements within the industry. The standard also focuses on ways for suppliers to reduce their costs and improve efficiency.

ISO/PAS 30003:2008. This standard looks at specific concerns within shipping and marine technology. It focuses on areas, such as ship recycling management and other material handling, that can have potential environmental impacts. It addresses industry-specific concerns such as hazardous materials and asbestos emission.



About the Author

Chris Dinesen Rogers has been online marketing for more than eight years. She has grown her own art business through SEO and social media and is a consultant specializing in SEO and website development. Her past work experience includes teaching pre-nursing students beginning biology, human anatomy and physiology. Rogers's more than 10 years in conservation makes her equally at home in the outdoors.