What Is a Corporate Financial Strategy?

by Richard Morgan; Updated September 26, 2017

A corporate financial strategy determines how a business survives. For a business to maintain autonomy, it needs funding. The funding can come from a variety of places, including sales and services, as well as investors and donors. Using its finances wisely is the best corporate financial strategy in terms of maintaining sustainability.

Types

There are various corporate financial strategies available to management. Each has advantages and disadvantages. An aggressive financial strategy focuses on rapid growth, while a more conservative approach opts for slower growth. The type of financial strategy used depends upon the circumstances of the corporation. If a corporation needs to experience a rapid turnaround in sales, an aggressive financial strategy would allow for such programs as a media blitz.

Planning

Planning is one aspect of a corporate financial strategy. Few businesses or organizations can operate without having an idea for a direction. The first part of planning a corporate financial strategy is examining where you currently are. After that, examine where you want to go, which in effect means you are setting a goal. To reach the goal, set up a series of milestones to gauge progress.

Analyzing

Analysis is an integral part of a corporate financial strategy. Using data about current finances, as well as projected data for future revenue and expenditures, the strategy also examines risk elements. If an examination of the risk shows potential losses too high in a particular area, the strategy might not be effective. In this case, you might need to develop a new strategy.

Adaptability

A key element of a corporate financial strategy hinges on adaptability. When unexpected events occur, whether locally or globally, it can force a financial strategy to shift focus. During periods of economic prosperity, an effective corporate financial strategy might include funding research and development to bring new products to market. However, if there is an economic downturn, the financial strategy might shift to developing ways to increase productivity and cut costs.

Growth

Successful strategy depends on growth, relying on three factors. The first factor is capital. Growth occurs when money is spent. However, before spending, consider the investment risk. If the risk is minimal, the financial strategy can be set up. Monitor the new strategy and adjust as needed. If the strategy proves ineffective, eliminate it and develop a new direction.