Workplace discrimination is a proliferating issue in companies worldwide. Employees are said to be discriminated against in cases where the treatment meted out to them is unfair and biased. The law in the United States dictates that all employees must be treated in the same manner. Legally, organizations with 15 or more employees are obligated to have antidiscriminatory practices in place.
Wage discrimination occurs when two employees are paid differently for the same work. The employee who receives the lower pay is said to be discriminated against. There are four main ways in which discrimination occurs.
Wage Discrimination on Gender
Wage discrimination occurs when a company pays higher salaries to its male employees in comparison to their equally qualified female counterparts or vice versa. This practice is prevalent across the globe. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 mandates that, as long as members of both genders meet the requirements of the job in terms of educational qualifications, skills and experience, they should be paid the same. When an individual feels that she is being victimized, she can seek legal help.
Wage Discrimination on Race
Wage discrimination also occurs on the basis of race. Two employees belonging to different races might be paid different salaries. This is the main type of discrimination around the world. Discrimination occurs in the rates of wages and pay hikes, and bonuses are denied to members of one race over others. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ensures that such practices do not flourish in the United States. The mistreated employees can file a lawsuit against their employers.
Wage Discrimination on Age
Some companies prefer to have younger employees, and some want older employees with experience. Depending on their views, management sometimes discriminates between employees on the basis of their ages. Unequal salaries are paid to the employees for the same work. As long as the employees are fulfilling all the requirements of the job, they have a right to be paid equal salaries and they can seek legal recourse when they feel they are being discriminated against. The Employment Act of 1967 explicitly mentions that companies must not discriminate against employees who are 40 years or older. They must be provide equal opportunities and pay.
Wage Discrimination on Disability
Sometimes companies discriminate against their employees on the basis of their physical handicaps. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 dictates that, as long as the employee meets the requirements of the job and delivers output, he must be paid the same salary as an employee without disabilities. The company additionally is required to ensure that the employee gets all the facilities necessary for him to continue working. These people must be provided separate parking spaces, access to the office facilities, elavators and restrooms.