A business organization makes changes in personnel and departments and can change how workers and departments report to one another to meet market conditions. Some companies shift organizational structure to expand and create new departments to serve growing markets. Other companies reorganize corporate structure to downsize or eliminate departments to conserve overhead. Often new owners or managers rearrange business structure to create a familiar business model.
The business climate dictates many changes in organizational structuring. Company directors often reorganize corporate structure to accommodate the market shifts. Managers often pull employees out of regions where sales are declining to concentrate on operations in thriving markets. Some companies create new divisions to facilitate new products or product lines. Some companies have trimmed production staffs and increased sales departments due to surplus production. Internet sales often drive companies to add technical departments.
Changing Structural Types
Companies often rearrange business structure to follow a new business model. A small company with a functional organizational structure changes to a product division model once it has significant sales for a number of different products. Some businesses shift organizational structure to a regional model to assign local managers to different markets affected by regional factors. Other companies create a matrix grid to place the same key managers over all the various departments and divisions.
Companies commonly downsize to remain functional during a loss of revenue. Most companies draft a skeleton model of essential personnel, materials and facilities to remain in business. A CEO will close departments, drop product lines, lay off managers and sell facilities to keep a company afloat. Top managers reorganize business structure to meet the needs of the new organization at its smaller size. Remaining managers typically oversee more departments with fewer employees in each.
Corporate expansion demands the creation of new departments to accommodate new products or new facilities. Any company that opens new facilities to produce new products or house additional departments has to rearrange business structure to include the new staff. The new company managers must report to new upper level managers responsible for the new company branch facility. Companies often make changes in the basic organizational structure type to reassign the management throughout the expanded structure.