What Is a Manufacturing Process?

by Nancy Wagner - Updated September 26, 2017

In essence, a manufacturing process consists of all of the steps required to turn raw materials into usable products people want to buy. Manufacturing has been a major force behind America's growth, making up 12 percent of the economy and adding more than 530,000 jobs since 2010, according to Science Progress, an online journal published by the Center for American Progress. Knowing the basics of the manufacturing process is essential to better understanding how this sector will continue to shape the economy.

A Multi-Step Process

The process of manufacturing starts with research and development, which represent a whopping 70 percent of the American economy, according to Science Progress. Raw products are identified, then combined or modified into a potential product. The product goes through numerous renditions to make sure it meets the manufacturer's specifications and standards and the requirements of potential buyers and regulatory agencies. Once the product passes muster, an assembly line is created so the product can be produced in quantity to meet market demand. Finally, the products must be labeled, packaged, distributed and marketed as one of the final steps in manufacturing. For the manufacturer to make money from sales of the finished product, the cost of research, materials, equipment, labor and marketing is weighed heavily in setting prices.

Labor

The Future

Robotics and additive manufacturing, among other technological advances, continue to change the way companies complete their manufacturing processes. To help small to medium-sized companies keep on top of these changes, a multitude of resources are available from the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, a government program established in 1988. MEP's Manufacturing Innovation Blog says the organization offers programs and consulting services at 60 centers across the country. These services help manufacturers become more competitive, expand their markets, develop new products and use advancing technology to help grow their companies.

About the Author

Nancy Wagner is a marketing strategist and speaker who started writing in 1998. She writes business plans for startups and established companies and teaches marketing and promotional tactics at local workshops. Wagner's business and marketing articles have appeared in "Home Business Journal," "Nation’s Business," "Emerging Business" and "The Mortgage Press," among others. She holds a B.S. from Eastern Illinois University.

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