The world of foreign relations is tricky to navigate. Roadblocks include differences of opinions, cultural and religious barriers and economic and military interests that are at odds. Sometimes, though, two countries form an alliance that is mutually beneficial, such as in a bilateral cooperation agreement.
A bilateral cooperation agreement is signed between two countries in an effort to share resources in an area of common interests.. By sharing these resources, which can include information, personnel, and research findings, both countries are able to advance.
Each bilateral cooperation agreement is signed by members of the two countries. These agreements are valid for a set length of time, and they typically focus on one topic. For example, two countries may decide to trade resources to further health research. Other agreements could focus on economic advancement, the sharing of statistics between neighboring nations, or agricultural development.
Bilateral cooperation agreements exist among countries throughout the world. Some examples include an agreement between Switzerland and the European Union that involves the sharing of statistical information, an environmental agreement between Norway and China, a science and technology cooperation program between the United States and Germany, and a Cuba-South Africa agreement in the area of health sciences.