A home daycare, with its more personalized, cozy atmosphere, offers an alternative to the large commercial daycare center. A home daycare often has lower rates and offers more convenient hours. A home daycare provider must pass all state and local daycare requirements in order to operate and keep children as safe as possible.
Home daycare providers are required to be licensed by the state and often have to display the licenses for all customers to see. When starting a daycare, the provider must contact state officials and must meet all guidelines before obtaining a proper license. Guidelines often include proof of first aid, CPR and medical training. The facility has to have marked fire exits, designated natural disaster shelter locations, fire alarm system, safety gates and child-proof door locks. The property has to be inspected before it can be granted a child daycare occupant license and is reinspected annually or semi-annually.
Babies, toddlers and children require many supplies throughout the day to maintain their health and keep them occupied. Cleaning supplies are essential to kill germs and prevent the spread of illnesses among the kids and staff. Hygiene supplies are either supplied by the parents or daycare provider and include diapers, training pants, wipes and diaper-rash cream. Daycare providers are responsible for providing meals and snacks for the children and must have all the necessary supplies to prepare and serve the food.
Children are very active and require constant attention or activities to keep them busy. A home daycare provider must have a play room and separate learning area to distinguish between fun and learning. The learning area needs to have a table or desk to allow kids to do their learning activities. The play area should include toys and activities for all age groups. An outside play area will allow children to get fresh air and a change of pace from being inside all day.
Daycare properties should be outfitted with a first aid kit to treat any injuries or deal with illnesses that may happen. The first aid kit should include bandages, children’s pain relievers, anti-biotic ointment, cold compress, alcohol swabs and gauze. The provider must have a list of all children, their doctor’s information and all necessary prescriptions. A bee-sting kit will treat any severe allergic reactions in case of a bee sting as it is critical to receive epinephrine within minutes.
Based in Southwestern Michigan, Matthew Knight has been writing outdoor and technology articles since 2008. His articles appear on various websites. He holds a bachelor's degree in computer information systems from Western Michigan University.