The state of Ohio determines your unemployment compensation based on your previously earned wages. Even if you earned a high salary in the past, the state laws limits the amount of your weekly check to prevent you from earning overly large amounts. Ohio is one of the states that offers a dependency allowance to those who qualify. However, the dependency allowances go above and beyond the maximum weekly benefit amount.

Maximum Weekly Benefit Amount

The maximum weekly benefit in the Ohio unemployment benefits program is $387. This amount is based on the state unemployment compensation laws and prevents you from collecting exorbitant amounts of compensation from the fund. The state comes up with the maximum weekly benefit base on a percentage of what the average Ohio worker earns in covered employment. The number can change each year.

Covered Wages

Your weekly benefit amount is based on your previous covered wages. Covered wages are those you earn from working in employment covered by Ohio state unemployment compensation laws. While this covers most work, some notable exceptions are independent contractors, 100 percent commissioned workers or minors who work for their parents. To qualify for the maximum weekly benefit amount, you have to earn an average of $774 a week in previous wages.

Base Period

The covered wages that determine your weekly benefit amount must occur during your base period. Your base period is the first four of the last full calendar quarters before you filed your initial unemployment claim. For example, if you filed your initial claim on April 16, 2011, January 2011 through March 2011 is your last full calendar quarter. Your base period is January 2010 through December 2010. The DJFS averages your weekly covered wages during this time to help determine your unemployment compensation.

Dependency Allowance

Ohio is one of the states that allows a dependency allowance for any dependent spouses or minor children you are supporting. The dependency allowance is separate from your maximum weekly benefit. If you have up to two dependents, you can receive an additional $83 per week. You have three or more dependents, you can receive an additional $137 per week on top of that $387 maximum.