Various Types of Accounting Systems

by Julie Williams; Updated September 26, 2017
Weigh all factors before deciding to use a manual or computerized system to perform all accounting functions.

Various accounting systems are available for companies and individuals alike. When choosing an accounting system, the decision should take into account the price of the accounting system, the extent the system will be used, and the capacity of the user to learn to operate the system. Learning about the various types of accounting systems can help in the decision.

Single Entry System

This type of accounting system is the most basic. It is ideal for small organizations that have few and simple operations. However, there are no journal entries made to balance the accounts. Therefore, errors can occur often and undetected.

Double Entry System

The double entry system is more complicated but more accurate. In this system, each credit must have an equal debit, and vice-versa. In this way, errors are more visible and the accounting more accurate.

Manual System

Manual accounting systems imply that there is no computer involved in the accounting process. The accountant is responsible for recording all journal entries in all journals, as well as corresponding entries and adjustments. The accountant must make all calculations, prepare the financial statements, file tax forms, etc. Thus, this accounting system usually takes more time and allows room for more human errors. However, it can save costs by eliminating the need for computers and accounting programs.

Computerized System

A computerized accounting system is the use of a computer program to accomplish accounting functions. This type of accounting system requires less work from the accountant, but requires an accountant with specialization in that specific accounting software.

About the Author

Though constantly traveling the world, Julia Williams is based in Chicago and has been writing since 2006. Williams holds a Bachelor of Science in accounting. She is also a licensed fitness instructor, specializing in Pilates since 2003 and has written hundreds of articles on exercise and health.

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