The Kentucky Office of Employment and Training provides unemployment insurance benefits to claimants who file a claim and qualify. The amount a claimant receives as a weekly benefit depends on his earnings while employed. The benefits help the unemployed claimant pay for expenses while searching for a new position and employers in the state fund the insurance program through taxes.

Base Period

Kentucky uses a base period to calculate the benefit amounts an unemployment claimant can receive. The base period is the first four of the last five quarters before the claimant files with the state. The wages the claimant earned during the base period determine the maximum amount of unemployment compensation a recipient can receive.


The state of Kentucky also uses the wages in the base period to determine if a claimant is eligible to collect unemployment compensation. The claimant must have earned a minimum of $750 in one quarter during the base period. In addition, the total amount of wages earned during the base period must be 1 ½ times the wages earned during the highest-paying quarter. Claimants must have earned a minimum of $750 in the three quarters apart from the highest-paying quarter. The claimant must also be physically able to work and search for employment while collecting unemployment benefits.


The calculation to determine the weekly benefit amount is 1.3078 percent of the total amount earned during the base period. The maximum amount the claimant may collect on unemployment in Kentucky is $415 for a period of 26 weeks. The state allows claimants to collect unemployment for a total of 26 weeks, but during periods of high unemployment, the state may grant extensions to unemployment recipients.

Deductions for Work

The benefit amount may be reduced when claimants earn money from employment while collecting unemployment compensation. Kentucky deducts 80 percent of the gross earnings from the benefit amount. The state may also deduct the amount a claimant receives from a pension from the benefit amount.