A business research method is a careful and diligent study of a market, an industry or a particular company's business operations, using investigative techniques to discover facts, examine theories or develop an action plan based on discovered facts. Businesses use a number of research methods to help grow their operations or to solve problems in the company.
A study of a firm's operational systems identifies each production step. This type of business research helps a firm to "reduce waste, inefficiency and poor performance by examining procedures on a step-by-step basis -- an approach sometimes called methods improvement," according to the authors of the book "Business Essentials."
One method of conducting business research is through case studies that allow for investigation of industries, companies and business situations. A firm's patterns of action communicate business policies, conventions and practices. This type of research can uncover business trends and strategies.
Examination of information and statistical data is another method of business research. Financial data is one important area of statistical analysis that helps a firm to evaluate performance and predict trends. It can lead to strategy revisions that translate into changes in a firm's internal policies and procedures.
Surveys and Focus Groups
Surveys and focus groups are a common business research method. It helps a firm to better understand the potential customer for its products and services. This includes understanding who the customer is, what the customer values and how the customer buys. This type of research focuses on identifying demand trends.
- "Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary"; 1975
- "Business Essentials"; Robert J. Ebert and Ricky W. Griffin; 2000
- "Managing the Non-Profit Organization"; Peter F. Drucker; 1990
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