To be a successful employee, it is necessary to have a wide range of employable skills. Job readiness programs focus on developing skills in job searching, interviewing and keeping a new job. These programs are offered in many settings, such as in workforce centers or in youth-focused programs in schools or community centers.


Job readiness programs aim to help individuals become economically self-sufficient. They typically focus on low-income individuals or other disadvantaged populations. They work to empower individuals to take care of themselves and their families by developing the skills needed to find and keep a job.

Basic Education

Some job readiness programs are offered alongside instruction in basic adult education, such as the YWCA’s employment readiness program. Some programs include this instruction in their job readiness programs, as is a goal of the Baltimore Pipeline Project. Literacy and numeracy are required for most jobs, and these programs provide instruction to help individuals learn how to read and do basic arithmetic. They may also focus on helping individuals earn their GEDs. Some programs may also offer technology training to familiarize clients with using a computer and the Internet in the workplace.

Soft Skills

Two of the most important soft skills (non-technical) necessary to be successful in finding and keeping a job are reliability and a good attitude. These skills are taught in job readiness training programs. Other areas of soft skills job readiness programs focus on are oral communication, problem-solving, teamwork, interpersonal skills and personal qualities.

Job Search

Job readiness training also provides instruction on how to look for a job. This includes finding jobs from different sources, such as on the Internet, through networking or in the newspaper. It also includes how to fill out and submit a job application, write a resume and successfully complete a job interview.

Job Retention

Job readiness programs also teach individuals how to keep a job once they get one. They help individuals develop a good work ethic. Instruction in showing up to work on time, being a good team member, having a good attitude and being helpful on the job may be part of the job retention curriculum.

Career Assessment and Planning

Job readiness programs may also include career assessment to help individuals figure out what job path they are interested in taking. Counselors may be available to help them decide on an educational path to reach their career goals as well. Counselors may also help them identify specific employers or job training programs to help them reach their goals.