An interagency agreement is a document, generally between government agencies and departments, that defines cooperative work between them. The agreement defines the parties involved, the work performed and the transfer of technologies and funds.
Government agencies routinely support each other in the execution of their duties. An example of this is the FBI supporting the U.S. Marshals Service in the apprehension of a fugitive. Because they are governed by different departments and have different funding sources, a written agreement is necessary to define the roles the two agencies play in their collaborative efforts. This document is known as an interagency agreement.
The agreement spells out the reason for the collaboration, the time period it is in effect, the agencies or departments involved, payment considerations and delegation of authority to carry out the agreement. It can be written as a cooperative agreement, or an agreement where one or more agencies do work for others.
Statement of Work
Like a contract, the agreement contains a section indicating the exact work to be accomplished. It also includes a cost estimate of the funds required to carry out the work.
Typical agreements include a memorandum of understanding, inter-service support agreement, government-wide agency contract and a cooperative research and development agreement.