Managerial effectiveness is a leader's ability to achieve desired results. How well he applies his skills and abilities in guiding and directing others determines whether he can effectively meet those results. If he can, his achievements are poised to help the organization gain a competitive edge against rival organizations heading into the future.
Measuring Manager Results
One method for gauging managerial effectiveness is measuring the results a leader achieves. Results are generally believed to be influenced by the organization's culture. An effective leader must adapt her communications, work style and approach to the organization's culture to ensure that her skills aligned with the organizational goals in order to achieve positive results.
The Skillful Manager
A manager has a combination of technical, people and conceptual skills that can make him an effective leader, according to theoretical models of leadership.
Technical skills include specialized training, skilled performance of specific tasks, expertise in a specific field or industry and the ability to apply specialized knowledge to tasks and objectives.
People skills include the ability to work well with others, motivate workers, resolve conflicts, delegate responsibilities and clearly communicate objectives.
Conceptual skills are broader and usually self-actualized. They might include the ability to see the organization in the context of its industry, understand how each part of the organization functions as a whole, and visualize a future course of action based on current organizational and industry trends. In addition, conceptual skills manifest themselves in a manager's ability to analyze and diagnose complex situations and understand the organizational relationships.
Senior Management's Role
Senior management often is tasked with identifying the core competencies of the organization and making sure those competencies are complemented by its managers and its overall workforce. It is up to senior management to strategically place a manager in the department where her skills and competencies will reflect the current and future needs of the organization to effectively achieve results that benefit the organization in the short- and long-run.
Comparing Managerial Effectiveness
The results of a marketing project spearheaded by a finance manager, for example, would not be as strong as the results achieved by a marketing manager who is well-versed in market strategy and research. Choices such as these significantly affect an organization's overall performance.
In the long run, managerial effectiveness has the potential to create efficiencies that help the organization sustain a competitive advantage against rival organizations and increase opportunities for future enterprise. It also fosters individual growth in the manager and her followers and, over time, generates shareholder value for the organization.
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