Types of Accounting Practices

Business owners often lack the education and experience to handle all of their business accounting needs. Hiring an accounting practice for assistance is a great way to ensure the books are in line with ethical standards and the law. A quick look online yields a lot of options, so it is important to know what each service provides to select the one that is best suited for your accounting needs.

Tax Preparation Practice

A tax preparation practice specializes in preparing individual, partnership and corporate income tax returns. In this type of practice, tax returns are generally assigned to accountants by their specific area of specialization. In legitimate practices, all tax returns are prepared or reviewed by a certified public accountant (CPA). Most tax practices follow accounting policies that use tax filing software to prepare and submit returns.

External Auditing Service

Auditing services focus primarily on reviewing the financial statements and supporting documents for companies to issue an opinion as to whether or not the accounting was prepared in line with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Many mid-size and most large corporations hire an independent auditing service annually to conduct a review of their books. Publicly held corporations are required to use an external auditing service.

Professional Bookkeeping Service

Bookkeeping is the term used to describe everyday accounting such as processing accounts payable and accounts receivable, making bank deposits, processing payroll and preparing month-end financial statements. Small companies represent the largest customer base for a bookkeeping service because many small companies do not have the budget to hire an internal accountant and neither the staff nor the owner understands accounting.

Public Accounting Practices

Public accounting firms work with small business owners to handle their accounts and books. CPAs who work for the public accounting practice care for multiple small-business clients who cannot justify adding a full-time accountant to their payroll. The CPA's job is to prepare and audit your financial reports and help you get through the tax season with minimal stress. They will also advise you on any financial matter that pertains to your business.

Software Conversion Firm

More companies are realizing the benefits of specialized accounting software, specifically management information systems, but many companies do not have personnel with the education or knowledge needed to perform a complicated software setup or conversion. For these companies, hiring a software conversion specialist is a great way to gain confidence that the conversion will roll out according to the designated timeline, and that the converted data will be correct.

Forensic Accounting Team

Forensic accounting is a special type of auditing that is most often discussed in the legal arena. While auditors take information from financial statements and work backward down the paper trail, forensic accountants tend to focus on specific areas of a business that they know from experience to be problematic.

Forensic accountants are usually looking for fraud, money laundering and other illegal activities. Another difference between auditing and forensic accounting is that auditors issue an opinion only on the correctness of the accounting data. Forensic accountants can issue opinions on the investment worthiness of a business.