Making a commune is an option for a group of like-minded people who wish to live in a community based on sharing and interdependence. Most communes are small, close-knit egalitarian societies where families who share a common vision live off the land together -- usually on a farm or on land outside of a town. Starting a commune will require organization of a communal group, initial funding and a new legal status for your commune.

Step 1.

Organize the members of your commune. These are the people who will initially have to do the leg work to set up the commune. Find people who share the same ideals and believe in the community you all want to start. Brainstorm together and take lots of notes. Be sure that making a commune is what you all really want to do and develop a mutual philosophy of the function of the community. Decide whether your commune will subsist on independent farming or if you will create a product within the commune to sell on the market.

Step 2.

Consult a tax lawyer. If you are starting a new community it will require a lot of paperwork on the books to establish your legal identity and tax status, especially if your commune will be producing and selling goods. A tax lawyer will be able to guide you through the process of legally forming a communal entity.

Step 3.

Scout out the location for your commune. If you don’t have one already, you will have to either purchase real estate or rent the land. When looking at real estate, consult your notes and be sure that the property will be able to serve all the needs and functions of the community.

Step 4.

Put your roots down. Set up all the resources on the communal land that you will need for your commune and get to working.


As in any living situation or group effort, problems will inevitably arise. Approach the problems as they come and deal with them all together with a cool head and a judicious attitude. The commune is only as strong as each member in it.