What Foods Are Grown in Spain?

by Viola Horne; Updated September 26, 2017
Spain's varied landscape includes mild coastal regions.

Spain is a country rich in agriculture. The varied landscape has mild coastal regions as well as arid mountains with extreme temperature variations. From fruits and vegetables to wine and spices, Spain has an abundance of native crops.

Citrus and Other Fruits

Citrus crops are abundant.

Spain's Mediterranean coastal regions are legendary for supplying the world with oranges and mandarins. Grapefruit, lemons and limes also are abundant crops. Spain's orchards include apples, pears, peaches, figs, apricots, cherries and nuts.

Vegetables

Onions are grown on Spain's Mediterranean coast.

Spain's highly irrigated Mediterranean coastal areas also produced Western Europe's highest yield of onions. Other crops that grow well in the region are potatoes, tomatoes, cabbages, peppers and string beans.

Olives

Olives are an important export.

Spain is the biggest producer and exporter of olives and olive oil, with Italy being its nearest rival. Olives are grown in almost every region except the humid northern and northwestern coastal areas. Spain's olive production fluctuates due to temperature changes but has reached 3.3 million tons per year.

Wine

Vineyards are abundant in Spain.

Boasting more land devoted to vineyards than anywhere in the world, Spain makes a lot of wine. Unfortunately, the grapes are grown in poor soil and the wine is of lower quality than many other wineries around the world.

Saffron

Spanish saffron is in demand by fine restaurants.

This costly spice is the prize of Spain. Grown mainly in south central Spain just below Madrid, this gourmet spice can fetch up to $90 an oz. wholesale as of August 2009. Chefs from the world's finest restaurants want only Spanish saffron for some of their prized dishes.

About the Author

When not working in her family-owned food and bar business, Viola Horne can almost always be found with a cookbook in one hand and a whisk in the other. Horne never tires of entertaining family and friends with both comfort food and unusual delicacies such as garlic cheese smashed potatoes and banana bacon pancakes.

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