General Conditions in a Construction Contract

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An agreement, general conditions, drawings, specifications and other documents comprise a typical construction contract. General conditions define each contracting party's duties and privileges, and the rules by which they are to meet obligations and perform the work they agreed upon.

An agreement, general conditions, drawings, specifications and other documents comprise a typical construction contract. General conditions define each contracting party’s duties and privileges, and the rules by which they are to meet obligations and perform the work they agreed upon.

Purpose

General conditions provide the legal framework for the construction contract and promote fairness among all contracting parties. When referenced in other owner and contractor sub-agreements, they maintain vital order and consistency.

Roles

General conditions detail the rights, responsibilities and relationships of the owner, contractor and prime architect or engineer who will be working with both parties throughout construction.

 

Rules

These conditions stipulate rules regarding subcontractors, changes, time, payments, completion, protection of persons and property, insurance, bonds, correction, termination, suspension, claims and disputes.

 

Revisions

Supplementary conditions may revise or add to the general conditions and supersede them.

 

Formats

Various architecture, engineering and construction industry associations offer standardized general conditions documents, which can be used in many projects and construction methods. Owners who regularly or repeatedly contract for construction services typically use their own customized, proprietary documents.

 

Specifications

A construction project’s technical specifications stipulate the administrative requirements of the general and supplementary conditions.

 

References

Resources

About the Author

Since 1988, Diana Faustmann has been writing on technology, business and culture. Her articles have appeared in various print publications, corporate websites and authoritative online sites. Faustmann holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of the Philippines.

Photo Credits

  • builder and the project manager image by Dmitri MIkitenko from Fotolia.com