A material safety data sheet, or MSDS, is required by federal law to accompany all potentially hazardous materials. It is not intended for the general public; it is for the companies that use the chemicals.
According to the State Compensation Insurance Fund, an MSDS sheet is created to give users of a potentially hazardous substance the chemical makeup of the substance and the possible health risks of handling it.
Schiff-Consulting.com points out that United States federal law mandates that any company that manufactures a substance that is deemed potentially hazardous based on federal guidelines must issue an MSDS sheet to each company that purchases the substance.
An MSDS sheet must provide first-response, first-aid information and long-term medical treatment information on the substance it is related to.
Each MSDS sheet must contain the full mailing and shipping address of the manufacturer along with a contact phone number.
An MSDS sheet must include information necessary to know how to treat a substance should it catch on fire or explode.